Title

Access to Employee Wellness Programs and Use of Preventive Care Services Among U.S. Adults

Abstract

Introduction There is little research at the national level on access to employee wellness programs and the use of preventive care services. This study examined the use of seven preventive care services among U.S working adults with access to employee wellness programs. Methods The study population comprised 17,699 working adults aged ≥18 years, obtained from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate logistic regression models examined the relationship between access to employee wellness programs and use of seven preventive care services: influenza vaccination, blood pressure check, diabetes check, cholesterol check, Pap smear test, mammogram, and colon cancer screening. Data analysis began in Fall 2016. Results Overall, 46.6% of working adults reported having access to employee wellness programs in 2015. Working adults with access to employee wellness programs had higher odds of receiving influenza vaccination (OR=1.57, 95% CI=1.43, 1.72, p<0.001), blood pressure check (OR=2.46, 95% CI=2.17, 2.78, p<0.001), diabetes check (OR=1.30, 95% CI=1.12, 1.50, p<0.001), cholesterol check (OR=1.48, 95% CI=1.33, 1.67, p<0.001), and mammogram (OR=1.57, 95% CI=1.24, 1.98, p<0.001). However, there was no significant difference between access to employee wellness programs and the use of Pap smear test and colon cancer screening services. Conclusions Using a nationally representative sample of individuals, this study found a positive association between access to employee wellness programs and the use of preventive care services. The results support favorable policies to encourage implementing wellness programs in all worksites, especially those with <50 employees.

Publication Title

American Journal of Preventive Medicine

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