Mixture of measurement errors and their impact on parameter inferences


A mixture measurement error model built upon skew normal distributions and normal distributions is developed to evaluate various impacts of measurement errors to parameter inferences in logistic regressions. Data generated from survey questionnaires are usually error contaminated. We consider two types of errors: person-specific bias and random errors. Person-specific bias is modelled using skew normal distribution, and the distribution of random errors is described by a normal distribution. Intensive simulations are conducted to evaluate the contribution of each component in the mixture to outcomes of interest. The proposed method is then applied to a questionnaire data set generated from a neural tube defect study. Simulation results and real data application indicate that ignoring measurement errors or misspecifying measurement error components can both produce misleading results, especially when measurement errors are actually skew distributed. The inferred parameters can be attenuated or inflated depending on how the measurement error components are specified. We expect the findings will self-explain the importance of adjusting measurement errors and thus benefit future data collection effort. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Publication Title

Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation