Comparison of critical adsorption points of ring polymers with linear polymers
The critical adsorption points (CAP) for ring and linear polymers are determined and compared using Monte Carlo simulations and liquid chromatography experiments. The CAP is defined as the coelution point of ring or linear polymers with different molecular weights (MW). Computational studies show that the temperature at the CAP, TCAP, for rings is higher than TCAP for linear polymers regardless of whether the chains are modeled as random walks or self-avoiding walks. The difference in the CAP can be attributed only to the architectural difference. Experimentally, four pairs of linear and ring polystyrenes (PS) of different MW were synthesized and purified. Care was taken to account for the difference between the end-groups in linear polymers and the linkage unit in ring polymers. Elution of these polymers using a C18 bonded silica stationary phase and a CH2Cl2/CH3CN mixed eluent were studied. The temperature at the coelution point, TCAP, and the coelution time at the CAP, tE,CAP, were determined for both ring and linear polymers. Experimentally, it was found that TCAP of linear PS is lower than TCAP of cyclic PS and tE,CAP of linear PS is shorter than tE,CAP of ring PS. Therefore, at the CAP of linear polymers, ring polymers elute later in order of increasing MW while, at the CAP of ring polymers, linear polymers elute earlier in order of decreasing MW. This is in excellent agreement with the Monte Carlo computer simulation results. We also found that the functionality effect can interfere in the LCCC separation of ring polymers from their linear precursors.
Ziebarth, J., Gardiner, A., Wang, Y., Jeong, Y., Ahn, J., Jin, Y., & Chang, T. (2016). Comparison of critical adsorption points of ring polymers with linear polymers. Macromolecules, 49 (22), 8780-8788. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01925