Examination of Associations between Physical Activity and Eating Identities among College-aged Adults Living in Hawai'i
While physical activity and diet behaviors are correlated, mechanisms underlying associations have rarely been examined. This study examined associations between physical activity identity and eating identity among college-aged adults in Hawai'i to provide guidance for future multiple behavior change interventions. This study was a cross-sectional analysis of data collected between September 2013 and January 2014. Participants were 40 college students attending 4-year and 2-year institutions within the University of Hawai'i system. Total physical activity identity score and dimensions were measured using the Athlete Identity Questionnaire. Eating identity subtypes were measured using the Eating Identity Type Inventory. Associations between physical activity identity total score, 4 physical activity identity dimensions (appearance, importance, competence, and encouragement), and 4 eating identity subtypes (healthy, emotional, meat, and picky) were examined using multiple linear regressions. A significant positive association was found between total physical activity identity score and the healthy eating subtype and a negative association with the picky eating subtype. The physical activity dimension importance had a significant positive association with the healthy eating subtype, appearance a negative association with the emotional eating subtype, and competence a positive association with the meat eating subtype but a negative association with the picky eating subtype. The findings suggest important overlap in identities for physical activity and diet. Measurement of physical activity identity and eating identity as well as tailored intervention strategies should be incorporated into more behavior change research.
Hawai'i journal of health & social welfare
Harmon, B. E., Leak, C. L., Zhang, H., West, N. T., & Nigg, C. R. (2022). Examination of Associations between Physical Activity and Eating Identities among College-aged Adults Living in Hawai'i. Hawai'i journal of health & social welfare, 81 (6), 162-168. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.memphis.edu/facpubs/17212