Flow-injection approach for the determination of the dynamic response characteristics of ion-selective electrodes. Part 1. Theoretical considerations


A single-line flow-injection system with a straight tube reactor is proposed for investigating the dynamic response behaviour of ion-selective electrodes. The principle of the method is based on the fact that the concentration-time curve at the electrode surface can be described theoretically in the flow-injection system under certain practically realizable conditions. The response of the ion-selective electrode to that input signal can be measured experimentally. Thus, knowing the input and the output signal of an ion-selective electrode, an appropriate model describing its dynamic behaviour can be selected among the relevant models existing in the literature. Theoretical expressions for predicting the transient response of ion-selective electrodes in the flow system when the rate-determining step is an ion-transport process through a diffusion layer or a kinetic process were elaborated. © 1990.

Publication Title

Analytica Chimica Acta