A calmodulin-stimulated Ca2+ pump in plasma-membrane vesicles from Trypanosoma brucei; Selective inhibition by pentamidine
Despite previous reports that the plasma membrane of different trypanosomatids only contains Ca2+-ATPase that does not show any demonstrable dependence on Mg2+, a high-affinity (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase was demonstrated in the plasma membrane of Trypanosoma brucei. The enzyme became saturated with micromolar amounts of Ca2+, reaching a V(max) of 3.45 ± 0.66 nmol of ATP/min per mg of protein. The K(m,app.) for Ca2+ was 0.52 ± 0.03 μM. This was decreased to 0.23 ± 0.05 μM, and the V(max) was increased to 6.36 ± 0.22 nmol of ATP/min per mg of protein (about 85%), when calmodulin was present. T. brucei plasma-membrane vesicles accumulated Ca2+ on addition of ATP only when Mg2+ was present, and released it on addition of the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. In addition, this Ca2+ transport was stimulated by calmodulin. Addition of NaCl to Ca2+-loaded T. brucei plasma-membrane vesicles did not result in Ca2+ release, thus suggesting the absence of a Na+/Ca2+ exchanger in these parasites. Therefore the (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase would be the only mechanism so far described that is responsible for the long-term fine tuning of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration of these parasites. The trypanocidal drug pentamidine inhibited the T. brucei plasma-membrane (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase and Ca2+ transport at concentrations that had no effect on the Ca2+-ATPase activity of human or pig erythrocytes. In this latter case, pentamidine behaved as a weak calmodulin antagonist, since it inhibited the stimulation of the erythrocyte Ca2+-ATPase by calmodulin.
Benaim, G., Lopez-Estrano, C., Docampo, R., & Moreno, S. (1993). A calmodulin-stimulated Ca2+ pump in plasma-membrane vesicles from Trypanosoma brucei; Selective inhibition by pentamidine. Biochemical Journal, 296 (3), 759-763. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2960759