Disaster Recovery in Black and White: A Comparison of New Orleans and Gulfport


This article investigates the role race and class play in the economic recovery after Hurricane Katrina. Comparing the economic recovery of the cities of New Orleans and Gulfport, as well as making comparisons at the state level, reveals distinct differences in the economic recovery of these places. Utilizing a panel analysis, this article analyzes the effect Federal Emergency Management Agency dollars had on the recovery of jobs and housing post-Katrina. Results show that in the areas of job recovery, money played little role in economic recovery even while controlling for the effects of race and class. These results inform the debate over recovery in economically depressed places and show the importance of connecting emergency and disaster planning, particularly the recovery stage, to economic development.

Publication Title

American Review of Public Administration