A dual mechanism for regulation of kidney phosphate transport by parathyroid hormone


Regulation of phosphate transport by parathyroid hormone (PTH) was investigated in continuous lines of kidney cells. Phosphate transport was reduced by PTH- (1-34) at physiological concentrations (EC50 5 x 10-11 M), whereas much higher concentrations were required to stimulate cAMP formation (EC50 1 x 10-8 M) in opossum kidney (OK) cells. The PTH analogue [Nle]PTH-(3-34) also inhibited phosphate transport but did not enhance cAMP formation. Instead, [Nle]PTH-(3-34) was a competitive antagonist of PTH-(1-34) at cyclase-coupled receptors. PTH-(7-34) had no effect on phosphate transport or cAMP formation. Phorbol esters or mezerein were potent inhibitors of phosphate transport but did not affect cAMP synthesis. Their potencies paralleled the rank-order potency of these agents as activators of protein kinase c in other systems. Maximally effective concentrations of PTH-(1-34) and mezerein did not produce additive inhibition of phosphate transport in OK cells. Phorbol esters stimulated phosphate transport in JTC-12 cells, but PTH-(1-34) had no effect. We concluded that PTH regulates OK cell phosphate transport by interacting with two classes of receptors, and transmembrane-signaling mechanisms. Physiological levels of PTH-(1-34) may regulate phosphate transport by activation of protein kinase c, whereas higher concentrations appear to activate adenylate cyclase.

Publication Title

American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism

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