Lysophospholipid interactions with protein targets


Bioactive lysophospholipids include lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), cyclic-phosphatidic acid (CPA) and alkyl glycerolphosphate (AGP). These lipid mediators stimulate a variety of responses that include cell survival, proliferation, migration, invasion, wound healing, and angiogenesis. Responses to lysophospholipids depend upon interactions with biomolecular targets in the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and nuclear receptor families, as well as enzymes. Our current understanding of lysophospholipid interactions with these targets is based on a combination of lysophospholipid analog structure activity relationship studies as well as more direct structural characterization techniques such as X-ray crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and experimentally-validated molecular modeling. The direct structural characterization studies are the focus of this review, and provide the insight necessary to stimulate structure-based therapeutic lead discovery efforts in the future. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids