Impact of a Multidisciplinary Approach on Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in a Multiracial Cohort of Adults: A 1-Year Pilot Study


Evidence examining specific effects of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) on cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) among multi-ethnic patients in real-world clinical settings is lacking. This one-year retrospective chart review (2018) analyzed 598 adults (African American 59%, Hispanic 35%, and Caucasian 6%) with mean age of 43.8 ± 14.0 years. Qualifying patients with primary inclusion criteria of having body mass indices and blood pressure (BP) measurements in the first and last quarter of the study period were treated under an MDT protocol and compared to those qualifying for MDT but treated solely by a primary care provider (PCP). MDT included endocrinologist-directed visits, lifestyle counseling, and shared medical appointments. MDT patients experienced a greater reduction (β; 95% CI) in weight (−4.29 kg; −7.62, −0.97), BMI (−1.43 kg/m2; −2.68, −0.18), systolic BP (−2.18 mmHg; −4.09, −0.26), and diastolic BP (−1.97 mmHg; −3.34, −0.60). Additionally, MDT patients had 77%, 83%, and 59% higher odds of reducing ≥5% of initial weight, 1 BMI point, and ≥2 mmHg DBP, respectively. Improvements in hemoglobin A1C measurements were observed in the MDT group (insufficient data to compare with the PCP group). Compared to PCP only, MDT co-management improves CMRF related to adiposity and hypertension in a multiethnic adult cohort in real-world clinical settings. Patient access to best practices in cardiometabolic care is a priority, including the incorporation of culturally adapted evidence-based recommendations translated within a multi-disciplinary infrastructure, where competing co-morbidities are better managed, and associated research and education programs can promote operational sustainability.

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