Quantitative analysis of oleic acid and three types of polyethers according to the number of hydroxy end groups in Polysorbate 80 by hydrophilic interaction chromatography at critical conditions


A quantitative characterization of Polysorbate 80 is crucial for its many applications. In this paper we report a quick RP-HPLC method for the quantitative determination of Polysorbate 80. The hydrolysis of Polysorbate 80 to release oleic acid and three types of polyethers was first carried out. A chromatographic method based on liquid chromatography at critical conditions (LCCC) was then developed for an endgroup-based separation of low-molecular-mass polyether. With this method the polyether, irrespective of its molecular-mass, is separated according to endgroups (functionality) due to interactions of the polar endgroups with the hydrophilic stationary phase. The different types of polyethers and oleic acid were identified using on-line electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and quantified by evaporative light scattering detection. © 2012 Elsevier B.V..

Publication Title

Journal of Chromatography A