Title

Role of heme types in heme-copper oxidases: Effects of replacing a heme b with a heme o mimic in an engineered heme-copper center in myoglobin

Abstract

To address the role of the secondary hydroxyl group of heme a/o in heme-copper oxidases, we incorporated Fe(III)-2,4 (4,2) hydroxyethyl vinyl deuterioporphyrin IX, as a heme o mimic, into the engineered heme-copper center in myoglobin (sperm whale myoglobin L29H/F43H, called CuBMb). The only difference between the heme b of myoglobin and the heme o mimic is the substitution of one of the vinyl side chains of the former with a hydroxyethyl group of the latter. This substitution resulted in an ∼4 nm blue shift in the Soret band and ∼20 mV decrease in the heme reduction potential. In a control experiment, the heme b in CuBMb was also replaced with a mesoheme, which resulted in an ∼13 nm blue shift and ∼30 mV decrease in the heme reduction potential. Kinetic studies of the heme o mimic-substituted CuBMb showed significantly different reactivity toward copper-dependent oxygen reduction from that of the b-type CuBMb. In reaction with O2, CuBMb with a native heme b showed heme oxygenase activity by generating verdoheme in the presence of Cu(I). This heme degradation reaction was slowed by ∼19-fold in the heme o mimic-substituted CuBMb (from 0.028 s-1 to 0.0015 s-1), while the mesoheme-substituted CuBMb shared a similar heme degradation rate with that of CuBMb (0.023 s-1). No correlation was found between the heme reduction potential and its O2 reactivity. These results strongly suggest the critical role of the hydroxyl group of heme o in modulating heme-copper oxidase activity through participation in an extra hydrogen-bonding network. © 2005 American Chemical Society.

Publication Title

Journal of the American Chemical Society

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