The ground and two lowest-lying singlet excited electronic states of copper hydroxide (C uOH)


Various ab initio methods, including self-consistent field (SCF), configuration interaction, coupled cluster (CC), and complete-active-space SCF (CASSCF), have been employed to study the electronic structure of copper hydroxide (CuOH). Geometries, total energies, dipole moments, harmonic vibrational frequencies, and zero-point vibrational energies are reported for the linear Σ+1 and Π1 stationary points, and for the bent ground-state X̃ A′1, and excited-states 2 A′1 and 1 A″1. Six different basis sets have been used in the study, Wachters/DZP being the smallest and QZVPP being the largest. The ground- and excited-state bending modes present imaginary frequencies for the linear stationary points, indicating that bent structures are more favorable. The effects of relativity for CuOH are important and have been considered using the Douglas-Kroll approach with cc-pVTZ/cc-pVTZ_DK and cc-pVQZ/cc-pVQZ_DK basis sets. The bent ground and two lowest-lying singlet excited states of the CuOH molecule are indeed energetically more stable than the corresponding linear structures. The optimized geometrical parameters for the X̃ A′1 and 1 A″1 states agree fairly well with available experimental values. However, the 2 A′1 structure and rotational constants are in poor agreement with experiment, and we suggest that the latter are in error. The predicted adiabatic excitation energies are also inconsistent with the experimental values of 45.5 kcal mol-1 for the 2 A′1 state and 52.6 kcal mol-1 for the 1 A″1 state. The theoretical CC and CASSCF methods show lower adiabatic excitation energies for the 1 A″1 state (53.1 kcal mol-1) than those for the corresponding 2 A′1 state (57.6 kcal mol-1), suggesting that the 1 A″1 state might be the first singlet excited state while the 2 A′1 state might be the second singlet excited state. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.

Publication Title

Journal of Chemical Physics