Exploiting Secure and Energy-Efficient Collaborative Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks


Cognitive radio sensor network (CRSN) has emer-ged as a promising solution to address the spectrum scarcity problem in traditional sensor networks, by enabling sensor nodes to opportunistically access licensed spectrum. To protect the transmission of primary users and enhance spectrum utilization, collaborative spectrum sensing is generally adopted for improving spectrum sensing accuracy. However, as sensor nodes may be compromised by adversaries, these nodes can send false sensing reports to mislead the spectrum sensing decision, making CRSNs vulnerable to spectrum sensing data falsification (SSDF) attacks. Meanwhile, since the energy consumption of spectrum sensing is considerable for energy-limited sensor nodes, SSDF attack countermeasures should be carefully devised with the consideration of energy efficiency. To this end, we propose a secure and energy-efficient collaborative spectrum sensing scheme to resist SSDF attacks and enhance the energy efficiency in CRSNs. Specifically, we theoretically analyze the impacts of two types of attacks, i.e., independent and collaborative SSDF attacks, on the accuracy of collaborative spectrum sensing in a probabilistic way. To maximize the energy efficiency of spectrum sensing, we calculate the minimum number of sensor nodes needed for spectrum sensing to guarantee the desired accuracy of sensing results. Moreover, a trust evaluation scheme, named FastDtec, is developed to evaluate the spectrum sensing behaviors and fast identify compromised nodes. Finally, a secure and energy-efficient collaborative spectrum sensing scheme is proposed to further improve the energy efficiency of collaborative spectrum sensing, by adaptively isolating the identified compromised nodes from spectrum sensing. Extensive simulation results demonstrate that our proposed scheme can resist SSDF attacks and significantly improve the energy efficiency of collaborative spectrum sensing.

Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications