Extractors and lower bounds for locally samplable sources


We consider the problem of extracting randomness from sources that are efficiently samplable, in the sense that each output bit of the sampler only depends on some small number d of the random input bits. As our main result, we construct a deterministic extractor that, given any d-local source with min-entropy k on n bits, extracts Ω(k2/nd) bits that are 2 -nΩ(1)-close to uniform, provided d ≤ o(log n) and k ≥ n2/3+γ (for arbitrarily small constants γ > 0). Using our result, we also improve a result of Viola (FOCS 2010), who proved a 1/2 - O(1/log n) statistical distance lower bound for o(log n)-local samplers trying to sample input-output pairs of an explicit boolean function, assuming the samplers use at most n + n1-δ random bits for some constant δ > 0. Using a different function, we simultaneously improve the lower bound to 1/2 - 2-nΩ(1) and eliminate the restriction on the number of random bits. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Publication Title

Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)