Title

Toward Mitigating Phantom Jam Using Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication

Abstract

Traffic jams often occur without any obvious reasons such as traffic accidents, roadwork, or closed lanes. Under moderate to high traffic density, minor perturbations to traffic flow (e.g., a strong braking motion) are easily amplified into a wave of stop-and-go traffic. This is known as a phantom jam. In this paper, we aim to mitigate phantom jams leveraging the three-phase traffic theory and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication. More specifically, an efficient phantom jam control protocol is proposed in which a fuzzy inference system is integrated with a V2V-based phantom jam detection algorithm to effectively capture the dynamics of traffic jams. Per-lane speed difference under traffic congestion is taken into account in the protocol design, so that a phantom jam is controlled separately for each lane, improving the performance of the proposed protocol. We implemented the protocol in the Jist/SWAN traffic simulator. Simulations with artificially generated traffic data and real-world traffic data collected from vehicle loop detectors on Interstate 880, California, USA, demonstrate that our approach has by up to 9% and 4.9% smaller average travel times (at penetration rates of 10%) compared with a state-of-the-art approach, respectively.

Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

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