Assessment of spatial and temporal variation of ecological environment quality in Ebinur Lake Wetland National Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China


Remote sensing technology can objectively and quantitatively evaluate spatial-temporal change of ecological environmental quality. This paper uses images from Landsat5 Thematic Mapper (TM) in 2007 and Landsat8 operational land imager (OLI) in 2013 and 2016 to extract indicators such as greenness, wetness, heat, and dryness that reflect the ecological environment quality of arid area. The principal component analysis (PCA) used the evaluating ecological environment quality of the Ebinur Lake Wetland National Nature Reserve to explore the characteristics of spatial differentiation for ecological quality in environment as indicated in the remote sensing ecological index (RSEI). The results showed that the greenness and wetness have positive effects on the ecological environment while the heat and dryness have negative effects. Wetness has a greater impact on the ecological environment than the other three indicators. The proportion of RSEI of degeneration, invariability, and improvement were 20.57%, 42.98%, 36.44%. Thus, the ecological environment had improved. The improved area in 2016 was once located in bad level in 2007. The ecological environment had degraded in the southern part of the lake. The value of Moran's I showed an increased trend first and then decreased. The value of Moran's I increased in 2013, in comparison with 2007, indicating a strong positive correlation and certain internal connection between the ecological environment qualities in the study area. The spatial distribution was clustered rather than random. In comparison with 2013, the auto-correlation in 2016 was relatively weak, an indication that the spatial distribution was random and disperse. The area of High-High (HH) mostly reached to the significant level of 0.05 in 2007 and then to 0.01 in 2013 and 2016. This study offered important results and information for ecological environment protection and region planning.

Publication Title

Ecological Indicators