A recurrent neural fuzzy network
Besides the feedforward neural networks, there are the recurrent networks, where the impulses can be transmitted in both directions due to some reaction connections in these networks. Recurrent neural networks are linear or nonlinear dynamic systems. The dynamic behavior presented by the recurrent neural networks can be described both in continuous time, by differential equations and at discrete times by the recurrence relations (difference equations). The distinction between recurrent (or dynamic) neural networks and static neural networks is due to recurrent connections both between the layers of neurons of these networks and within the same layer, too. The aim of this paper is to describe a Recurrent Fuzzy Neural Network (RFNN) model, whose learning algorithm is based on the Improved Particle Swarm Optimization (IPSO) method. Each particle (candidate solution), which is moving permanently includes the parameters of the membership function and the weights of the recurrent neuralfuzzy network; initially, their values are randomly generated. The RFNN presented in this paper is unlike the others variants of RFNN models, by the number of the evolution directions that they use: in this paper, we update the velocity and the position of all particles along three dimensions, while in  are used two dimensions.
Journal of Computational Analysis and Applications
Anastassiou, G., & Iatan, I. (2016). A recurrent neural fuzzy network. Journal of Computational Analysis and Applications, 20 (2), 213-225. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.memphis.edu/facpubs/4060