Effects of in utero exposure of C57Bl/6J mice to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzop-dioxin on epidermal permeability barrier development and function
Results: A skin permeability assay showed that TCDD accelerated the development of the EPB, beginning at E15. This was accompanied by a significant decrease in transepidermal water loss (TEWL), enhanced stratification, and formation of the stratum corneum (SC). The levels of several ceramides were significantly increased at E15 and E16. PND1 histology revealed TCDD-induced acanthosis and epidermal hyperkeratosis. This was accompanied by disrupted epidermal tight junction (TJ) function, with increased dye leakage at the terminal claudin-1–staining TJs of the stratum granulosum. Because the animals did not have enhanced rates of TEWL, a commonly observed phenotype in animals with TJ defects, we performed tape-stripping. Removal of most of the SC resulted in a significant increase in TEWL in TCDD-exposed PND1 pups compared with their control group.
Environmental Health Perspectives
Muenyi, C., Carrion, S., Jones, L., & Kennedy, L. (2014). Effects of in utero exposure of C57Bl/6J mice to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzop-dioxin on epidermal permeability barrier development and function. Environmental Health Perspectives, 122 (10), 1052-1058. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1308045