Random Number Generation for the New Century


Use of empirical studies based on computer-generated random numbers has become a common practice in the development of statistical methods, particularly when the analytical study of a statistical procedure becomes intractable. The quality of any simulation study depends heavily on the quality of the random number generators. Classical uniform random number generators have some major defects—such as the (relatively) short period length and the lack of higher-dimension uniformity. Two recent uniform pseudo-random number generators (MRG and MCG) are reviewed. They are compared with the classical generator LCG. It is shown that MRG/MCG are much better random number generators than the popular LCG. Special forms of MRG/MCG are introduced and recommended as the random number generators for the new century. A step-by-step procedure for constructing such random number generators is also provided. © 2000 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Publication Title

American Statistician