Germinal vesicle migration and dissolution in Rana pipiens oocytes: effect of steroids and microtubule poisons


Germinal vesicle migration (GVM) as evidenced by the appearance of the germinal vesicle at the animal pole surface was induced by nocodazole and demecolcine (colcemid). Nocodazole significantly lowered the progesterone ED50 for germinal vesicle dissolution (GVD). Both demecolcine and nocodazole enhanced centrifugation-induced GVM (i.e., lowered ooplasmic viscoelasticity) after 6-h incubation, and both potentiated the effect of progesterone in this assay. Estradiol, by contrast, inhibited GVM induced by demecolcine in both follicle-enclosed and denuded oocytes. Estradiol was also found to inhibit the normal enhancement of centrifugation-induced GVM by demecolcine or progesterone. Taxol was found to have effects that were generally opposite to those of demecolcine and nocodazole. Taxol inhibited centrifugation-induced GVM either alone or in the presence of progesterone. In addition, taxol significantly increased the progesterone ED50 for GVD induction. Taken together the available data support the hypothesis that microtubules play a role in maintaining the internal position of the germinal vesicle in the prematuration oocyte and that changes occur in the oocyte cytoskeleton during maturation. © 1987.

Publication Title

Cell Differentiation