Title

Atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation characterization of human lamellar bone prepared by microtome sectioning and mechanical polishing technique

Abstract

Surface topography, microstructure, and micromechanical properties of human lamellar bone were characterized by atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation. The lamellar bone surfaces were prepared by two different methods: microtome sectioning and mechanical polishing. The lamellar bone surfaces prepared by mechanical polishing revealed that thin lamellae formed depressions approximately 200 nm deep, whereas the surfaces prepared by microtome sectioning were flat. Atomic force microscopy surface topographic images at higher magnification showed differences between thick and thin lamellae in polished samples, but these differences were less pronounced in microtomed samples. Roughness measurements confirmed that there was a significant difference between thick (21.0 nm) and thin lamellae (8.3 nm) in polished samples (p < 0.001). The difference in surface roughness between thick (13.9 nm) and thin lamellae (12.7 nm) in microtomed sample was statistically insignificant (p = 0.74). Higher elastic modulus values were observed for thick lamella in microtomed samples compared with that of thin lamellae, whereas measured elastic modulus differences between thick and thin lamellae in polished samples were found to be statistically insignificant. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Publication Title

Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A

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