Development of a taste-masked oral suspension of clindamycin HCl using ion exchange resin Amberlite IRP 69 for use in pediatrics


Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop an oral suspension of clindamycin resin complex for the potential use in pediatrics. Methods: Several types of Ion exchange resins were screened for their binding efficiency with clindamycin. In order to develop a suspension formulation, several thickening agents, surfactants, sweeting, and flavoring agents were evaluated for their influence on the release of clindamycin from resinate. Rheological studies were also conducted to select the optimum amounts of the suspending agents. The release profiles of clindamycin in SGF and SIF were also evaluated from freshly prepared suspension and from suspension formulation after storage for 1 month at 25 °C and 40 °C. Clindamycin bitterness threshold was determined based on volunteers’ evaluation, and taste evaluation was conducted in 12 adult volunteers who evaluated the taste of the optimized suspension against clindamycin solution. Results: Among all resins tested, Amberlite IRP 69 showed the highest binding efficiency to clindamycin. Several excipients were selected into the suspension formulation based on no or minimum influence on the release of clindamycin from the resinate complex. Moreover, xanthan gum was selected as the optimal suspending agent for the suspension. Clindamycin release profiles in SGF or SIF showed 90% release within 30 min from freshly prepared sample. Clindamycin exhibited good stability profiles at 25 °C and 40 °C over 1 month storage. The mean bitterness threshold of clindamycin was 12.5 μg/ml, and taste evaluation study in adults showed sustainable taste improvement for suspension over clindamycin solution. Conclusion: Clindamycin/resin complexation has shown to be an efficient method to mask the taste of clindamycin and was developed into a suspension formulation that can be used in pediatrics.

Publication Title

Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy