Effect of terbium ion substitution in inverse spinel nickel ferrite: Structural and magnetic study


Doping rare-earth ions into spinel ferrites can alter their electrical and magnetic properties. The present study delineates the structure–property relationship of the effect of rare-earth terbium doping in NiFe2 O4 ferrite. X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) showed unit cell lattice expansion with increased Tb3+ content. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results indicate preferential occupancy of Tb3+ at the octahedral B site. The magnetic parameters derived from room temperature hysteresis loops where both the saturation magnetization, Ms, and coercivity, Hc, value decreased with the Tb3+ substitution and reached a minimum value of Ms ~30.6 emu/g at x = 0.1 and Hc ~102 Oe at x = 0.075. The temperature-dependent magnetocrystalline anisotropy derived from the magnetic isotherm was observed to be the highest for x = 0.1 at 5 K with the value K1 ~1.09 × 106 J/m3 . The Tb3+ doping also resulted in the Curie temperature reduction from 938 K at x = 0.0 to 899 K at x = 0.1.

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