Enhancing the magnetic and inductive heating properties of Fe3O4 nanoparticles via morphology control


Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) with different shapes have been prepared by a 'solventless' synthesis approach to probe shape anisotropy effects on the magnetic and inductive heating properties. Various shapes including spheres, octahedrons, cubes, rods, wires, and multipods are obtained through alterations in reaction conditions such as the ratio of precursor to surfactant content and heating rate. Magnetic and Mössbauer measurements reveal better stoichiometry in anisotropic-shaped Fe3O4 NPs than that in the spherical and multipod NPs. As a result, the magnetization value of the anisotropic-shaped NPs approaches the value for bulk material (∼86 emu g-1). More surprisingly, the Verwey transition, which is a characteristic phase transition of bulk magnetite structure, is observed near 120 K in the anisotropic-shaped NPs, which further corroborates the fact that these NPs possess better stoichiometry compared to the spherical and multipod-shaped NPs. Other than the improved magnetic properties, these anisotropic-shaped NPs are more effective for hyperthermia applications. For example, compared to the conventional spherical NPs, the nanowires show much higher SAR value up to 846 W g-1, making them a potential candidate for practical hyperthermia treatment. In particular, the octahedral NPs shows an SAR value higher than the same size spherical NPs, which demonstrates the importance of occurrence of the Verwey transition in Fe3O4 NPs for better stoichiometric and higher heating.

Publication Title