Highly flame-retardant polyurethane foam based on reactive phosphorus polyol and limonene-based polyol


Polyurethane foams are in general flammable and their flammability can be controlled by adding flame-retardant (FR) materials. Reactive FR have the advantage of making strong bond within the polyurethane chains to provide excellent FR over time without compromising physico-mechanical properties. Here, phenyl phosphonic acid and propylene oxide-based reactive FR polyol was synthesized and used along with limonene based polyol for preparation of FR polyurethanes. All the obtained foams showed higher closed cell content (above 96%). By the addition of FR–polyol, the compressive strength of the foams showed 160% increment which could be due to reactive nature of FR–polyol. Moreover, 1.5 wt % of phosphorus (P) content reduced the self-extinguishing time of the foam from 81 (28% weight loss) to 11.2 s (weight loss of 9.8%). Cone test showed 68.6% reduction in peak heat release rate along with 23.4% reduction in thermal heat release. The change in char structure of carbon after burning was analyzed using Raman spectra which, suggests increment in the graphitic phase of the carbon over increased concentration of phosphorus. It can be concluded from this study that phosphorous based polyol could be blended with bio-based polyols to prepare highly FR and superior physico-mechanical rigid polyurethane foams. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2018, 135, 46224.

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Polymer Science