Nickel nanowires for planer microwave circuit applications and characterization


The dynamic properties of uniform one-dimensional arrays of high aspect ratio nickel nanowires have been studied by ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) technique at 24 GHz. The fundamental magnetic parameters such as spontaneous magnetization, gyromagnetic ratio (γ), and magnetic anisotropies of the nanowires are derived from the angular variation of resonance field Hr (θH) positions. The effective fields of the nanowire system were observed to decrease with increasing length of the nanowires. Further, the use of nanowires as a tunable stop-band notch filter in a coplanar waveguide geometry has been assessed. The stop-band frequency (fr) is observed to be tunable up to 14 GHz with an applied field (H) of up to 4 kOe. The kink in the fr (H) data gives the measure of the effective field (Heff) of the nanowire system. The theoretical fitting of fr (H) data to resonance relation yields values of Heff and γ which are a little higher than the conventional FMR results. © 2007 American Vacuum Society.

Publication Title

Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures