Study of structural, magnetic, and mossbauer properties of dy2fe16ga1−xnbx (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) prepared via arc melting process


Intermetallic compounds of Dy2Fe16Ga1−xNbx (x = 0.0 to 1.00) were synthesized by arc melting. Samples were investigated for structural, magnetic, and hyperfine properties using X-ray diffraction, vibration sample magnetometer, and Mossbauer spectrometer, respectively. The Rietveld analysis of room temperature X-ray diffraction data shows that all the samples were crystallized in Th2Fe17 structure. The unit cell volume of alloys increased linearly with an increase in Nb content. The maximum Curie temperature Tc ~523 K for x = 0.6 sample is higher than Tc = 153 K of Dy2Fe17. The saturation magnetization decreased linearly with increasing Nb content from 61.57 emu/g for x = 0.0 to 42.46 emu/g for x = 1.0. The Mössbauer spectra and Rietveld analysis showed a small amount of DyFe3 and NbFe2 secondary phases at x = 1.0. The hyperfine field of Dy2Fe16Ga1−xNbx decreased while the isomer shift values increased with the Nb content. The observed increase in isomer shift may have resulted from the decrease in s electron density due to the unit cell volume expansion. The substantial increase in Tc of thus prepared intermetallic compounds is expected to have implications in magnets used for high-temperature applications.

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