The effect of high dose of gamma-irradiation on residual radicals concentration in ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) in the presence of vitamin E1
Powder samples of UHMWPE (GUR 1020) containing 0.1% by wt. vitamin E (a-tocopherol, a-T) were irradiated at room temperature in air for doses of 30-kGy, 65-kGy or 100-kGy (60Co). After irra- diation, they were stored at -78.5°C (dry ice temperature) for one year and then opened to air at room tem- perature. Following the decay of the primary alkyl and allyl radicals (at room temperature in air), growth of the carbon-centered polyenyl R1 (-CH CH=CH , m = 3), and the oxygen-centered di- or tri-enyl R2 (-OCH CH=CH , m = 3) residual radicals were measured for eight weeks. An X-band electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometer was used for radical measurements. The initial relative radical concentrations (R2/R1) were found to be 10.13, 4.6 and 3.7 for the 65-kGy, 30-kGy and 100-kGy samples, respectively. R1 and R2 were both found to grow significantly in the 65-kGy samples while they grew only slightly in the 30-kGy and 100-kGy samples. In 65-kGy sample, R1 grew faster than R2 and the relative concentration R2/R1 was reduced from 10.13 to 2.9 for the 65-kGy sample while that for the 30-kGy and 100-kGy samples reduced only slightly, from 4.6 to 3.5 and 3.7 to 3.2, respectively. The behavior of the residual radicals can be explained by Raman spectroscopic data which suggest that the 65-kGy samples had a higher percentage of amorphous regions when compared to the 30-kGy or 100-kGy (21.7% compared to 15.7% or 17.9%) and also suggest a lower percentage of inter-phase regions (16.4% compared to 25.6% or 17.5%) and a lower level of structural disorder (0.26% compared to 0.44% or 0.27%). © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2012.
Polymer Science - Series A
Mehmood, M., Hafeez-Ullah., Jahan, M., Mishra, S., Walters, B., & Ikram, M. (2012). The effect of high dose of gamma-irradiation on residual radicals concentration in ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) in the presence of vitamin E1. Polymer Science - Series A, 54 (5), 343-348. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0965545X12040062