Adverse childhood experiences, racial microaggressions, and alcohol misuse in Black and White emerging adults.
Objective: Research indicates that emerging adults (EAs) are at an increased risk for heavy drinking and its associated alcohol problems, and that both proximal and distal stressors (e.g., adverse childhood experiences [ACEs], and subtle racial discrimination [racial microaggressions]) may contribute to these high-risk outcomes. We investigated the relationship of ACEs with alcohol consumption and alcohol problems in a sample of Black and White EAs, and racial microaggressions with alcohol consumption and alcohol problems in the Black EAs in our sample. Method: Six hundred two EAs (41.5% Black, 47% White; 57.3% women) completed measures assessing ACEs, alcohol consumption, and alcohol problems. One hundred ninety-six Black EAs in the sample were also asked to complete a measure of racial microaggressions that assessed their level of distress related to these experiences. Results: Regression analyses demonstrated a positive association of ACEs with alcohol consumption and alcohol problems. Sex moderated the relation of ACEs with alcohol consumption such that the positive relationship between ACEs and alcohol consumption was minimally stronger for females. College status moderated the relation of ACEs with alcohol consumption such that the relationship between ACEs and alcohol consumption was stronger for college students than non-college students. Racial microaggressions were positively associated with alcohol problems, but not alcohol consumption. Conclusion: Findings underscore the importance of childhood stressors with alcohol consumption and problems for EAs, and the need for additional research on racial microaggressions and alcohol problems in Black EAs. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) This study indicates that ACEs are associated with alcohol consumption and problems in emerging adults (EAs), and that sex and college status moderated the relationships of ACEs with alcohol consumptions. Furthermore, racial microaggressions are a risk factor for alcohol problems among Black EAs who consume alcohol. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Marks, L., Acuff, S., Withers, A., MacKillop, J., & Murphy, J. (2021). Adverse childhood experiences, racial microaggressions, and alcohol misuse in Black and White emerging adults.. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 35 (3), 274-282. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000597