Examining a curvilinear model of readiness to change and alcohol consumption
Research examining the relationship between readiness to change and alcohol consumption among college students is inconsistent. The purpose of the present study was to extend these findings, using two different measures of readiness to change. We hypothesized a curvilinear effect would occur such that the relationship between readiness to change and alcohol use would be relatively low for students low and high on readiness to change, whereas the relationship would be relatively high for those with moderate levels of readiness to change. Data were collected from two studies: Study 1 consisted of 263 undergraduate students and Study 2 consisted of 245 undergraduates participating in either intercollegiate or recreational athletics at three US universities. In Study 1, we examined the association between both linear and quadratic scores on a readiness to change measure and alcohol use. In Study 2, we examined the relationship between scores on a stage of change measure that included subscales indicative of different levels of readiness to change and alcohol use. The pattern of relationships supported the existence of an effect where the highest levels of alcohol use occurred among those with scores representing moderate levels of readiness to change. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd.
Addiction Research and Theory
Cadigan, J., Martens, M., Arterberry, B., Smith, A., & Murphy, J. (2013). Examining a curvilinear model of readiness to change and alcohol consumption. Addiction Research and Theory, 21 (6), 507-515. https://doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2012.754884