Influence of prior activity on perspective taking
The activity of 50 male and 50 female 3rd graders prior to perspective taking was systematically varied. Each S walked along 1 of 2 routes of observation: either inside or outside the delineated arrangement of objects. In addition, 1 of 2 types of movement/interaction was included. Each S either moved nonstop about the environment, labeling each object sequentially, or stopped periodically along the route and labeled all objects in a systematic fashion. For males, perspective taking was facilitated in the "stop-look" movement/interaction groups. Also, for both sexes, the stop-look experience coupled with an outside route of observation led to fewer egocentric responses. (3 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1980 American Psychological Association.
Weatherford, D., & Cohen, R. (1980). Influence of prior activity on perspective taking. Developmental Psychology, 16 (3), 239-240. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16184.108.40.206