Long-term safety and efficacy of deutetrabenazine for the treatment of tardive dyskinesia
Objective To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of deutetrabenazine in patients with tardive dyskinesia (TD). Method Patients with TD who completed the 12 week, phase 3, placebo-controlled trials were eligible to enter this open-label, single-arm study. The open-label study consisted of a 6 week dose-escalation phase and a long-term maintenance phase (clinic visits at Weeks 4, 6 and 15, and every 13 weeks until Week 106). Patients began deutetrabenazine at 12 mg/day, titrating up to a dose that was tolerable and provided adequate dyskinesia control, based on investigator judgement, with a maximum allowed dose of 48 mg/day (36 mg/day for patients taking strong cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) inhibitors). Safety measures included incidence of adverse events (AEs) and scales used to monitor parkinsonism, akathisia/restlessness, anxiety, depression, suicidality and somnolence/sedation. Efficacy endpoints included the change in Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) score (items 1 to 7) from baseline and the proportion of patients rated as 'Much Improved' or 'Very Much Improved' on the Clinical Global Impression of Change. Results A total of 343 patients enrolled in the extension study, and there were 331 patient-years of exposure in this analysis. The exposure-adjusted incidence rates of AEs with long-term treatment were comparable to or lower than those observed in the phase 3 trials. The mean (SE) change in AIMS score was -4.9 (0.4) at Week 54 (n = 146), - 6.3 (0.7) at Week 80 (n = 66) and -5.1 (2.0) at Week 106 (n = 8). Conclusions Overall, long-term treatment with deutetrabenazine was efficacious, safe, and well tolerated in patients with TD. Trial registration number NCT02198794.
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Fernandez, H., Stamler, D., Davis, M., Factor, S., Hauser, R., Jimenez-Shahed, J., Ondo, W., & Jarskog, L. (2019). Long-term safety and efficacy of deutetrabenazine for the treatment of tardive dyskinesia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 90 (12), 1317-1323. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2018-319918