Title

Osteopontin augments CD3-mediated interferon-γ and CD40 ligand expression by T cells, which results in IL-12 production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Abstract

Osteopontin is an RGD-containing bone matrix protein with cytokine-like functions that is associated with early stages of Th1-mediated diseases. Although the function of osteopontin in these responses is unknown, it is expressed by activated T cells and macrophages and can costimulate T cell proliferation. Studies have demonstrated that early IL-12 and IFN-γ expression is required to induce a protective response to many intracellular pathogens. Herein, we demonstrate that osteopontin stimulation augments the ability of anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody to induce CD40 ligand (CD40L) and IFN-γ expression on human T cells, resulting in CD40L- and IFN-γ-dependent IL-12 production in vitro. These findings suggest a functional role for osteopontin in early Th1 responses, namely regulation of T cell-dependent IL-12 production. Further, osteopontin up-regulation of CD40L provides mechanistic support for the association of osteopontin with polyclonal B cell proliferation and humoral autoimmune disease.

Publication Title

Journal of Leukocyte Biology

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