Performance enhancement in sport: A cognitive behavioral domain


The clinical technology developed by cognitive behavioral practitioners has become the foundation for psychological efforts to enhance athletic performance. To provide a backdrop for this sport intervention research, the history of applied sport psychology is briefly noted. Then, the empirical literature which supportes the use of cognitive behavioral intervention strategies in athletic contexts is considered. This work includes the treatment evaluation evidence for performance improvement of non-elite sport participants, and correlational evidence that supports the consideration of psychological variables in the performance of elite athletes. The intervention strategies under review include imagery and mental rehearsal, arousal management, goal-setting, self-instruction and self-monitoring, and multi-component treatment programs. The implications of this research for applied sport psychology and the broader field of clinical intervention are discussed. © 1991 Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy. All rights reserved.

Publication Title

Behavior Therapy