Title

Tissue and T cell distribution of precursor and mature IL-16

Abstract

IL-16 is a novel cytokine, which is chemoattractant for CD4+ T cells, macrophages, and eosinophils. Recently, it was reported that IL-16 is synthesized as an approximately 80-kDa precursor molecule, pro-IL-16. Since little is known about the processing and tissue distribution of IL-16 and pro-IL-16, we investigated the distribution of IL-16 mRNA and protein in human lymphoid tissue. Northern blotting identified IL-16 mRNA predominantly in normal lymphoid organs, including PBMC, spleen, and thymus. Immunohistochemistry of human lymph node localized IL-16 protein to lymphocyte cytoplasm within T cell zones and occasionally in lymphocytes in B cell zones. Flow cytometric detection of intracellular IL-16 showed that >70% of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells constitutively expressed IL-16 protein. Western blot analysis of PBMC revealed nearly all of this protein to be approximately 80-kDa pro-IL-16 in unstimulated PBMC, and upon cell activation, the amino terminus of pro-IL-16 is processed into multiple fragments. These results show that pro-IL-16 is widely and constitutively expressed and suggest that the amino terminus of the protein can be processed upon cell activation.

Publication Title

Journal of Immunology

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS