Visualization of time-series sensor data to inform the design of just-in-Time adaptive stress interventions
We investigate needs, challenges, and opportunities in visualizing time-series sensor data on stress to inform the design of just-in-Time adaptive interventions (JITAIs). We identify seven key challenges: massive volume and variety of data, complexity in identifying stressors, scalability of space, multifaceted relationship between stress and time, a need for representation at multiple granularities, interperson variability, and limited understanding of JITAI design requirements due to its novelty. We propose four new visualizations based on one million minutes of sensor data (n=70). We evaluate our visualizations with stress researchers (n=6) to gain first insights into its usability and usefulness in JITAI design. Our results indicate that spatiotemporal visualizations help identify and explain betweenand within-person variability in stress patterns and contextual visualizations enable decisions regarding the timing, content, and modality of intervention. Interestingly, a granular representation is considered informative but noise-prone; an abstract representation is the preferred starting point for designing JITAIs.
UbiComp 2015 - Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing
Sharmin, M., Raij, A., Epstien, D., Nahum-Shani, I., Gayle Beck, J., Vhaduri, S., Preston, K., & Kumar, S. (2015). Visualization of time-series sensor data to inform the design of just-in-Time adaptive stress interventions. UbiComp 2015 - Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, 505-516. https://doi.org/10.1145/2750858.2807537