Worry versus anxiety: Is there really a difference?
The similarities and distinctions between the constructs of worry and anxiety were examined in a sample of 189 university students. Three worry scales and four measures of anxiety were compared in relation to measures of negative affect, personal control, and problem-solving style. Although measures of worry and anxiety were highly correlated, negative affect (e.g., depression, confusion) tended to be more closely related to anxiety than to worry, whereas problem-solving style tended to be more closely related to worry than to anxiety. Personal control did not show a differential relationship to anxiety or worry. When the definition of anxiety was restricted to somatic anxiety, however, negative affect, perceived problem- solving abilities, and personal control were more strongly related to worry than to anxiety. Implications of these results are discussed in light of current definitions and measurement of these constructs.
Zebb, B., & Beck, J. (1998). Worry versus anxiety: Is there really a difference?. Behavior Modification, 22 (1), 45-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/01454455980221003