Preliminary evidence for an emerging nonmetropolitan mortality penalty in the United States
We discovered an emerging nonmetropolitan mortality penalty by contrasting 37 years of age-adjusted mortality rates for metropolitan versus nonmetropolitan US counties. During the 1980s, annual metropolitan-nonmetropolitan differences averaged 6.2 excess deaths per 100 000 nonmetropolitan population, or approximately 3600 excess deaths; however, by 2000 to 2004, the difference had increased more than 10 times to average 71.7 excess deaths, or approximately 35 000 excess deaths. We recommend that research be undertaken to evaluate and utilize our preliminary findings of an emerging US nonmetropolitan mortality penalty.
American Journal of Public Health
Cosby, A., Neaves, T., Cossman, R., Cossman, J., James, W., Feierabend, N., Mirvis, D., & Jones, C. (2008). Preliminary evidence for an emerging nonmetropolitan mortality penalty in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 98 (8), 1470-1472. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2007.123778