Effect of vitamin E on human aortic endothelial cell production of chemokines and adhesion to monocytes


Epidemiological and clinical studies indicate that vitamin E may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Modulation of adhesion molecule expression and chemokine production by vitamin E may contribute to its beneficial effect. In this study we found that the enrichment of confluent human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) or U937 monocytic cells with increasing doses of vitamin E (d-α-tocopherol, 20, 40, and 60 μmol/l for 20 h) inhibited their adhesion when either or both cell types were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β. Enrichment of HAEC with the same doses of vitamin E suppressed IL-1β-stimulated expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (E-selectin). Supplementation with increasing doses of vitamin E up to 60 μmol/l was not effective in preventing spontaneous production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), but supplementation with vitamin E at 60 μmol/l reduced IL-8 production significantly. However, IL-1β-induced productions of both MCP-1 and IL-8 were dose-dependently suppressed by enrichment of cells with vitamin E. Vitamin E, at the doses used, did not significantly change the spontaneous production but dose-dependently inhibited the IL-1β-induced production of inflammatory cytokine IL-6. We concluded that vitamin E could inhibit production of chemokines and inflammatory cytokines, in addition to inhibiting adhesion of HAEC to monocytes by reducing expression of adhesion molecules when cells were activated with an inflammatory cytokine. These mediators are actively involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Therefore, their inhibition by vitamin E may contribute to vitamin E's reported reduction in risk of CVD. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

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