Explosive strength deficit as a predictor of vertical jumping performance


Currently, variables predictive of vertical jumping performance can account for only part of its total variability. A potential additional source of variation called explosive strength deficit (ESD) was described in 1995 by Zatsiorsky (Science and Practice of Strength Training. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1995. pp. 34-35.). ESD is determined by measuring the maximum force generated under ideal circumstances (Fmm) and under task-relevant conditions (Fm). It is calculated as 100(Fmm - Fm)/Fm. For this study, the following operational definitions were used: Fmm = squatting peak force at 0.51 m·s-1; Fm = squatting peak force at 1.43 m·s-1. Data were analyzed using forward stepwise multiple regression. Mean ESD for men was 29.7% (SD = 11.7) and for women was 49.3% (SD = 11.2). For men and women, respectively, zero-order correlations for ESD with restricted vertical jumping (RVJ) distance were -0.35 and -0.60, and between ESD and drop vertical jumping (DVJ) distance were -0.20 and -0.63. However, when the previously identified predictors were taken into account, ESD was not a significant predictor (p > 0.05) of either type of jump. Therefore, it was concluded that ESD on the basis of velocity-regulated squats does not augment the explained variance previously established for vertical jumping performance.

Publication Title

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research