Effects of an evidence-based falls risk-reduction program on physical activity and falls efficacy among oldest-old adults


Purpose of the study:The current study was designed to examine changes in falls efficacy and physical activities among oldest-old and young-old participants in a falls risk-reduction program called a matter of balance/volunteer lay leader model. Design and methods: An oldest-old group (aged 85 years and older; n=260) and a youngold group (aged between 65 and 84 years old; n=1,139) in Texas with both baseline and post-intervention measures were included. Changes in Falls Efficacy Scale scores and weekly physical activity levelswere examined from baseline to post-intervention. Repeated measures analysis of covariancewere employed to assess program effects on falls efficacy. Results: Results showed significant changes in falls efficacy from baseline to postintervention, as well as a significant interaction effect between time (baseline and post-intervention) and physical activity on falls efficacy. Implications: Findings from this study imply the effectiveness of evidence-based programs for increasing falls efficacy in oldest-old participants. Future implications for enhancing physical activities and reducing fear of falling for oldest-old adults are discussed.

Publication Title

Frontiers in Public Health