The impact of fluid balance on outcomes in premature neonates: a report from the AWAKEN study group
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the epidemiology of fluid balance (FB) over the first postnatal week and its impact on outcomes in a multi-center cohort of premature neonates from the AWAKEN study. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of infants <36 weeks' gestational age from the AWAKEN study (N = 1007). FB was defined by percentage of change from birth weight. OUTCOME: Mechanical ventilation (MV) at postnatal day 7. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-nine (14.8%) were on MV at postnatal day 7. The median peak FB was 0% (IQR: -2.9, 2) and occurred on postnatal day 2 (IQR: 1,5). Multivariable models showed that the peak FB (aOR 1.14, 95% CI 1.10-1.19), lowest FB in first postnatal week (aOR 1.12, 95% CI 1.07-1.16), and FB on postnatal day 7 (aOR 1.10, 95% CI 1.06-1.13) were independently associated with MV on postnatal day 7. In a similar analysis, a negative FB at postnatal day 7 protected against the need for MV at postnatal day 7 (aOR 0.21, 95% CI 0.12-0.35). CONCLUSIONS: Positive peak FB during the first postnatal week and more positive FB on postnatal day 7 were independently associated with MV at postnatal day 7. Those with a negative FB at postnatal day 7 were less likely to require MV.
Selewski, David T.; Gist, Katja M.; Nathan, Amy T.; Goldstein, Stuart L.; Boohaker, Louis J.; Akcan-Arikan, Ayse; Bonachea, Elizabeth M.; Hanna, Mina; Joseph, Catherine; Mahan, John D.; Mammen, Cherry; Nada, Arwa; Reidy, Kimberly; Staples, Amy; Wintermark, Pia; Griffin, Russell; Askenazi, David J.; and Guillet, Ronnie, "The impact of fluid balance on outcomes in premature neonates: a report from the AWAKEN study group" (2020). Loewenberg College of Nursing Faculty Publications. 157.