Impact of Risk-Stratified Therapy on Health Status in Survivors of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have identified that survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) report poor health status. It is unknown how risk-stratified therapy impacts the health status of ALL survivors. METHODS: We estimated and compared the prevalence of self-reported poor health status among adult (≥18 years) survivors of childhood ALL diagnosed at age <21 years from 1970 to 1999 and sibling controls, excluding proxy reports. Therapy combinations defined treatment groups representative of 1970s therapy (), standard- and high-risk 1980s and 1990s therapy (, , , ), and relapse/bone marrow transplant (). Log-binomial models, adjusted for clinical and demographic factors, compared outcomes between groups using prevalence ratios (PR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Among 5,119 survivors and 4,693 siblings, survivors were more likely to report poor health status in each domain including poor general health (13.5% vs. 7.4%; PR = 1.92; 95% CI, 1.69-2.19). Compared with , and were less likely to report poor general health (: PR = 0.75; 95% CI, 0.57-0.98; : PR = 0.58; 95% CI, 0.39-0.87), functional impairment (: PR = 0.56; 95% CI, 0.42-0.76; : PR = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.42-0.95), and activity limitations (: 0.61; 95% CI, 0.45-0.83; : PR = 0.59; 95% CI, 0.38-0.91). An added adjustment for chronic conditions in multivariable models partially attenuated risk estimates. CONCLUSIONS: Risk-stratified ALL therapy has succeeded in reducing risk for poor general health, functional impairment, and activity limitations among more recent survivors of standard- and high-risk therapy. IMPACT: Future research into the relationship between risk-stratified therapy, health status, and late health outcomes may provide new opportunities to further improve late morbidity among survivors.
Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
Dixon, Stephanie B.; Chen, Yan; Yasui, Yutaka; Pui, Ching-Hon; Hunger, Stephen P.; Silverman, Lewis B.; Ness, Kirsten K.; Green, Daniel M.; Howell, Rebecca M.; Leisenring, Wendy M.; Kadan-Lottick, Nina S.; Krull, Kevin R.; Oeffinger, Kevin C.; Neglia, Joseph P.; Hudson, Melissa M.; Robison, Leslie L.; Mertens, Ann C.; Armstrong, Gregory T.; and Nathan, Paul C., "Impact of Risk-Stratified Therapy on Health Status in Survivors of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study" (2022). Loewenberg College of Nursing Faculty Publications. 79.