Electronic Theses and Dissertations





Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts



Committee Chair

Janet Page

Committee Member

Elise Blatchford

Committee Member

Michelle Vigneau

Committee Member

Albert Nguyen

Committee Member

Ryan Fisher


This study determines the content for a supplemental curriculum designed to improve musical literacy and musical expression skills using the Arkansas School Band and Orchestra (ASBOA) all-state junior high flute etudes. It addresses the first two steps (analysis of practical problems and development of possible solutions) of a Design-Based Research (DBR) project. The author intends to address the third and fourth steps (iterative cycles of testing and refinement and reflection and enhancement) in future research studies. A pilot study identified technical and interpretive deficiencies exhibited in nine (N = 9) student audition recordings using excerpts from the ASBOA etudes. A modified version of Saunders and Holahans Woodwind/Brass Solo Evaluation Form (WBSEF) was used to assess the recordings. The results showed deficiencies in the areas of tone, intonation, rhythmic accuracy, technique/articulation, and interpretation (primarily musical coherence). These results were compared to the Arkansas Department of Education (ADE) Beginning Band Curriculum Framework in order to determine possible modifications and/or additions to address the technical and interpretive difficulties found in the pilot study. The second step of the DBR process involves the creation of a supplemental curriculum framework designed to improve musical literacy and musical expression using Patrik Juslins GERMS model that explains the components of musical expression: Generative rules (G), Emotional expression (E), Random variability (R), Motion principles (M), and Stylistic unexpectedness (S).


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.

Appendix B - JR HI B.mp3 (2188 kB)
Appendix B - Jr Hi B

Appendix C - JR HI C (1).mp3 (2421 kB)
Appendix C - Jr Hi C