Electronic Theses and Dissertations


Martha Burke



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



Committee Chair

Melanie Burgess

Committee Member

Steven West

Committee Member

Leigh Harrell Williams

Committee Member

Michelle Brasfield

Committee Member

Patrick Murphy


The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between school counselor ratios, and Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program [TCAP] English Language Arts and Mathematics scores. This study will also consider school level characteristics and student level characteristics in one large, public, urban school district in the southeastern United States. This study will merge two archival data sets from the 2018-2019 school year. Both data sets were downloaded from the Tennessee Department of Educations website and are publicly available. The first data set contains demographic information listed by school. The second data set contains TCAP testing score reports by school. The Tennessee Department of Education sets expectations for students and uses the TCAP as a measure of students learning and progressing (TNDOE, 2020). This study aims to add to the literature by exploring if a relationship between school counselor to student ratios and academic outcomes exists in one district, and by examining how school level characteristics and student level characteristics influence this relationship. Implications, considerations for future research, and limitations will be provided.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest


Open Access