Electronic Theses and Dissertations


Ray Williams



Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Leadership & Policy Studies

Committee Chair

Steven Nelson

Committee Member

Eric Bailey

Committee Member

Derrick Robinson

Committee Member

Ladrica Menson-Furr


Paulo Freire (1970) Pedagogy of the Oppressed explained how his theory of critical consciousness could liberate the low-income Brazilian workers. Freire's theory was that his people should be able to see their culture in their education and be equipped with the tools to analyze the world around them and find their sources of oppression. This research study uses Roderick J. Watts’ theory of Sociopolitical Development (SPD) is a branch of Freire's critical consciousness theory. This research study examines the critical consciousness of ten (10) Black urban school leaders by utilizing a semi-structured interview process to explore their educational and life experiences. This process reveals how their past experiences help them build and shape the school communities they supervise and help prepare Black students to navigate and negotiate oppressive forces in their world. Last, utilizing the thematic analysis to categorize and code the data collected allowed common themes to be developed. These codes illustrated the elements that these ten leaders viewed as oppressive forces that their school communities must overcome and how they teach their students to handle such oppressive forces later in life.


Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

Dissertation or thesis originally submitted to ProQuest.


Open access