Structural characteristics of lysophosphatidic acid biological targets


Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA; 1-acyl-3-phosphoglycerol) exerts its biological activity through both extracellular and intracellular targets. Receptor targets include the cell-surface G-protein-coupled receptors LPA1-4 and the nuclear PPAR-γ (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ). Enzyme targets include the secreted cancer cell motility factor, autotaxin, and the transmembrane phosphatases, LPP1-3 (where LPP stands for lipid phosphate phosphatase). Ion channel targets include the two pore domain ion channels in the TREK family, TREK-1, TREK-2 and TRAAK. Structural features of these targets and their interactions with LPA are reviewed. ©2005 Biochemical Society.

Publication Title

Biochemical Society Transactions