TRAPPII subunits are required for the specificity switch of a Ypt-Rab GEF
Ypt-Rab GTPases are key regulators of the various steps of intracellular trafficking. Guanine nucleotide-exchange factors (GEFs) regulate the conversion of Ypt-Rabs to the GTP-bound state, in which they interact with effectors that mediate all the known aspects of vesicular transport1-3. An interesting possibility is that Ypt-Rabs coordinate separate steps of the transport pathways4. The conserved modular complex TRAPP is a GEF for the Golgi gatekeepers Ypt1 and Ypt31/32 (Refs 5-7). However, it is not known how Golgi entry and exit are coordinated. TRAPP comes in two configurations: the seven-subunit TRAPPI is required for endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi transport, whereas the ten-subunit TRAPPII functions in late Golgi8-10. The two essential TRAPPII-specific subunits Trs120 and Trs130 have been identified as Ypt31/32 genetic interactors11-13. Here, we show that they are required for switching the GEF specificity of TRAPP from Ypt1 to Ypt31. Moreover, a trs130ts mutation confers opposite effects on the intracellular localization of these GTPases. We suggest that the Trs120-Trs130 subcomplex joins TRAPP in the late Golgi to switch its GEF activity from Ypt1 to Ypt31/32. Such a 'switchable' GEF could ensure sequential activation of these Ypts, thereby coordinating Golgi entry and exit.
Nature Cell Biology
Morozova, N., Liang, Y., Tokarev, A., Chen, S., Cox, R., Andrejic, J., Lipatova, Z., & Sciorra, V. (2006). TRAPPII subunits are required for the specificity switch of a Ypt-Rab GEF. Nature Cell Biology, 8 (11), 1263-1269. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb1489