Vanishing relaxation time dynamics of the Jordan Moore-Gibson-Thompson equation arising in nonlinear acoustics


The (third order in time) JMGT equation [Jordan (J Acoust Soc Am 124(4):2491–2491, 2008) and Cattaneo (C Sulla conduzione del calore Atti Sem Mat Fis Univ Modena 3:83–101, 1948)] is a nonlinear (quasi-linear) partial differential equation (PDE) model introduced to describe a nonlinear propagation of sound in an acoustic medium. The important feature is that the model avoids the infinite speed of propagation paradox associated with a classical second-order in time equation referred to as Westervelt equation. Replacing Fourier’s law by Maxwell–Cattaneo’s law gives rise to the third-order in time derivative scaled by a small parameter τ> 0 , the latter represents the thermal relaxation time parameter and is intrinsic to the medium where the dynamics occur. In this paper, we provide an asymptotic analysis of the third-order model when τ→ 0. It is shown that the corresponding solutions converge in a strong topology of the phase space to a limit which is the solution of Westervelt equation. In addition, rate of convergence is provided for solutions displaying higher-order regularity. This addresses an open question raised in [20], where a related JMGT equation has been studied and weak star convergence of the solutions when τ→ 0 has been established. Thus, our main contribution is showing strong convergence on infinite time horizon, along with related rates of convergence valid on a finite time horizon. The key to unlocking the difficulty owns to a tight control and propagation of the “smallness” of the initial data in carrying the estimates at three different topological levels. The rate of convergence allows one then to estimate the relaxation time needed for the signal to reach the target. The interest in studying this type of problems is motivated by a large array of applications arising in engineering and medical sciences.

Publication Title

Journal of Evolution Equations